One of the toughest breeds of dogs is the Rottweiler. They are strong and sturdy dogs which were originally descendants of the Italian Mastiff. When the Romans invaded Europe, they brought these dogs with them and they were then used s messengers, guards, herders and aides to the police. They were extinct during the 1800’s but were brought back through the great efforts of the people in Stuttgart, Germany. They get their name from the place they were bred; Rottweiler in Wurttemberg. These dogs are extremely strong and confident and they are used mainly today by police all around the world. Let us take a closer look at this breed.
As mentioned before, these dogs are extremely powerful and strong. Their bodies are broad and big with a forehead that is slightly rounded. Their muzzle is developed well and their teeth meet to form a scissor formation. They have a wide nose and their mouth is dark on the inside with black lips. They have dark, almond shaped eyes and their ears are facing forward and triangular in shape. Their tails are normally cut although it is considered illegal in some countries. They have broad, strong chests that are deep and their coat is short and hard. It is a black, thick coat that has some rust or mahogany patches on the cheeks, paws, muzzle and legs. This color combination comes about because of a hair gene deficiency that is found in them.
The Rottweiler is a courageous, strong, powerful yet trainable dog that is extremely loyal to its master. They are very protective of their family and owners and will defend them with fierce aggression. They are very strong and hardly feel pain. Because of the temperament of the dog, they require an owner who is alike in almost every aspect. The owner needs to be able to manage the size and weight of the dog and should train the dog with a firm and calm hand. They are very intelligent and are natural guard dogs which make them the number one choice for police, army and military squads. They need to be trained from the puppy stage and need to be around people and children. They are happiest and most comfortable around people and not when they are left alone in a kennel.
This breed is easily maintained as long as regular brushing is done. The use of a firm brush is necessary for the short, thick coat. Bathing them is not as important as brushing their shiny coat. Bathing them once a week is guaranteed to leave them with a smooth and shiny coat. They shed their fur at an average level during some months.
The size of the dog says everything about it. These dogs require daily exercise routines, in which they are allowed to run, jog or walk for good distances. Some of the best ways to keep them fit is to take them through the woods or play fetch with them in an open space. They love swimming as well and do not leave the owners side when exercising.
Height & Weight
The height of the Rottweiler is around 24 to 27 inches for a male and 22 to 25 inches for a female. Their weight varies from 95 to 130 pounds for a male and 85 to 115 pounds for a female.
These dogs are perfect pets as long as the owner can manage the size of it. They love being around people and thrive on daily exercise. They live for about 10 to 12 years and are the first choice for police and army personnel all over the world.