The popular Golden retriever originated from the Scottish highlands back in the 1800’s. This breed was founded by the great Lord Tweedmouth who crossed a Flat coated Golden retriever with the tweed water Spaniel which is now an extinct breed. These dogs were formerly called Golden Flat coat but later they were given the name now known as Golden retriever. Considered as one of the most famous and well known breeds, the Golden retriever makes a great companion, and is being successfully used for purposes like tracking and hunting activities, a bird dog, detector of narcotics, and a guide for blind people and also as a therapy dog. Most people choose this breed as a pet and it is very essential to known their behavioral traits and important information. So let’s take a look at some of the most important details of a Golden retriever.
This breed is a fairly large sized dog that is extremely strong and sturdy. With a broad skull and a straight muzzle that tapers, the nose is dark brown or can be black depending on the different breeds. The teeth meet at a level or scissor bite with medium sized eyes that are generally dark brown in color. The ears are short in length and hang down to the sides of the cheeks. If the ear is pulled forward it should just about cover the whole eye. The golden retriever has a long thick tail which is feathery along the underside. The coat of this breed is resistant to water and is extremely thick and dense and can be either wavy or straight. Sections of untrimmed feathery strands can be found under the belly, in front of the neck area and also on the back of the legs. The coat of this popular breed generally comes in two shades, cream and rich bright golden.
The golden retriever is one of those well mannered dogs that have a distinct charm of its own. Extremely lovable and intelligent these dogs are very easy to train and very patient and overly friendly with children. Golden retrievers make wonderful family pets and are extremely self assuring and devoted to their owners. Obedience training can be a pleasure as these dogs love to please their owners and enjoy doing so. They are very friendly dogs and get along with almost everyone, even other dogs. This breed hardly has any guarding instincts, but they make very good guard and watch dogs. Lack of daily exercise and training both mentally and physically can cause the dog to become destructive and distracted and can lead to unhappiness. The best way to avoid such unwanted behavioral problems, the owner should be calm, firm and confident at all times, mostly during training. Another important and fun fact about this breed is that they love to swim.
Golden retrievers have a smooth double coat that is generally very easy to maintain. Regular combing and brushing with a sturdy durable bristled brush paying close attention to the undercoat is important. Regular dry shampooing is a must whereas bathing can only be done if necessary and if the dog is soiled and dirty. Retrievers are average shedders so maintaining the hair and coat should not be as troublesome as most other dogs with long hair.
Golden retrievers like many other dogs, require regular strenuous exercise in order to keep them fit and happy. Long walks in the park, running along beside a bicycle, jogging, playful activities like fetching etc should be in their daily exercise routine. One must ensure to avoid and prevent hyperactivity and that can be done by daily exercise.
Height & Weight
Male Golden retrievers stand at approximately 22 to24 inches tall and females from 20 to 22 inches respectively. The average weight of a male golden retriever is 60 to 80 pounds and a female retriever is 55 to 70 pounds.
This popular breed is well known not only as a family pet, but is also used for many important purposes in the lives of many people. With strenuous exercising, proper care and all the love you can give, this dog would make the perfect and most friendly pet you ever had.